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ROUTINE PATHOLOGY

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Antimony

Blood antimony is tested for detecting recent exposure.

Antimony (24 hrs Urine)

A test for detecting recent exposure to antimony.

Antimony (Spot Urine)

A test for detecting recent exposure to antimony.

Apolipoprotein (A1)

Apolipoprotein A1 is the primary protein associated with HDL Cholesterol. Increased concentrations are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease.

Apolipoprotein (B)

Apolipoprotein B is the primary protein associated with LDL Cholesterol and increased levels are associated with increased risk of  cardiovascular disease.

Apolipoprotein BA1 Ratio

Apolipoprotein A1 is the primary protein associated with HDL Cholesterol. Increased concentrations are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. Apolipoprotein B is the primary protein associated with LDL Cholesterol and increased levels are associated with increased risk of  cardiovascular disease. The ratio of these two correlates with the risk of cardiovascular disease.

APTT

APTT measures intrinsic and common pathways of the coagulation cascade. Prolonged APTT may be caused by heparin and other anticoagulants, factor deficiencies or inhibitors such as lupus anticoagulants.

Arsenic

Arsenic is widely distributed in the earth's crust. It is used in some pesticides and industrial applications. Organic forms of Arsenic are normally present in certain food types. Inorganic Arsenic is carcinogenic to humans. This assay helps in the diagnosis of Arsenic intoxication. Since blood concentrations of Arsenic are elevated only for a short time after exposure, hence urine Arsenic is the preferred method of screening for Arsenic exposure.

Arsenic (24 hrs Urine)

Arsenic is widely distributed in the earth's crust. It is used in some pesticides and industrial applications. Organic forms of Arsenic are normally present in certain food types. Inorganic Arsenic is carcinogenic to humans. This assay helps in the diagnosis of Arsenic intoxication.

Arsenic (Spot Urine)

Arsenic is widely distributed in the earth's crust. It is used in some pesticides and industrial applications. Organic forms of Arsenic are normally present in certain food types. Inorganic Arsenic is carcinogenic to humans. This assay helps in the diagnosis of Arsenic intoxication.

Arterial Blood Gas Analysis

 Arterial blood gas (ABG) test measures the acidity (pH) and the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood from an artery. This test is used to check how well your lungs are able to move oxygen into the blood and remove carbon dioxide from the blood.

Arthritis Panel

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology marked by a symmetric, peripheral polyarthritis. Serum antibodies to Cyclic citrullinated peptides (Anti CCP) are now recognised to be a valuable marker of diagnostic and prognostic significance. ANA's occur both in systemic and organ specific autoimmune diseases showing positivity in Rheumatoid arthritis. There is incremental value in testing for presence of both Rheumatoid factor (RF) and Anti CCP as some patients with RA are positive for RF but negative for Anti CCP and vice versa.