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ROUTINE PATHOLOGY

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Anti HEV - IgG

HEV causes an acute self limiting infection. Anti HEV IgG appears within a few days of infection and remains positive for several years. This assay is used for the diagnosis of past HEV infection.

Anti Ovarian Antibody (AOA)

It is performed to confirm Infertility and also during the treatment and after the treatment of Infertility.

ANTI PHOSPHOLIPID ANTIBODY (APL) - IgG

Antiphospholipid antibody testing is used to help determine the cause of: Inappropriate blood clot formation (unexplained thrombotic episode, excessive clotting) Recurrent miscarriage Low platelet count (thrombocytopenia) Prolonged PTT test

ANTI PHOSPHOLIPID ANTIBODY (APL) - IgM

Antiphospholipid antibody testing is used to help determine the cause of Inappropriate blood clot formation (unexplained thrombotic episode, excessive clotting); or Recurrent miscarriage; or Low platelet count (thrombocytopenia); or Prolonged PTT test

Anti Phospholipid Syndrome (APS) Profile

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder that is associated with pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia, thrombosis, autoimmune thrombocytopenia, fetal growth restriction, and fetal loss.

Anti SCL - 70 Antibody

Anti SCL-70 (anti-topoisomerase 1) is a specific marker of scleroderma when it is the only autoantibody present.

Anti Smooth Muscle Antibody

The anti smooth muscle antibody (ASMA) test detects antibodies that attack smooth muscle.

Anti Sperm Antibody (ASAB)

Sperm antibodies are associated with some cases of infertility. In couples with abnormal post coital tests, 24% males and 35% females exhibit sperm antibodies. These antibodies interfere with the binding of sperm head with zona pellucida of the egg.

Anti Streptolysin O (ASO)

Anti streptolysin O is useful in confirming exposure to Streptococcus pyogenes in the absence of other laboratory evidence.

Anti TG

Anti TG autoantibody measurements are recommended if Anti TPO autoantibody is negative, but clinical suspicion of Autoimmune thyroid disease is high. Detection of these antibodies in cases of  Neonatal hypothyrodism suggests transplacental antibody transfer particularly if there is a maternal history of autoimmune thyroiditis.

Anti Thrombin III Activity

Anti thrombin III antigen is an inhibitor of several coagulation factors. Patients with low concentrations of Anti thrombin Antigen may have a hereditary or acquired prothrombotic state. The Antigenic test differentiates a Type I from Type II deficiency.

Anti TPO

Determination of TPO antibody levels is the most sensitive test for detecting autoimmune thyroid disease like Hashimoto thyroiditis (90%), Idiopathic myxedema and Graves disease (60-80%). Presence of TPO antibodies in subclinical hypothyroidism is associated with an increased risk of developing overt hypothyroidism. This assay helps in the  diagnosis of thyroid autoimmune disorders and serves as a diagnostic tool in deciding therapy for subclinical hypothyroidism.